Chemical safety hazards safety list
◾label containers to identify and warn of the hazardous chemicals contained inside
◾use self-closing valves on containers with flammable liquids
◾ensure a bonding system was used when dispensing flammable chemicals into secondary containers
◾provide and maintain suitable eyewash stations
◾maintain respiratory protection standards
◾train workers on confined space requirements
◾require eye protection
◾unblock access to fire extinguishers
Healthcare workers not receiving enough protection from OSHA with the highest number of worker injuries, this industry is one of the least protected by OSHA. A report by Public Citizen shows that healthcare workers suffer more annual injuries and illnesses on the job than any other industry, OSHA conducts few facility inspections due to a lack of existing safety standards.
About 650,000 healthcare employees sustain injuries or illnesses each year. This blows past the second most affected industry, manufacturing. To issue citations for ergonomic problems, OSHA must use the General Duty Clause, which states that employers have a duty to protect employees from recognized hazards that could lead to injury or death. The construction industry receives the most OSHA inspections. The agency inspects one-twentieth as many healthcare facilities as construction sites, even though the number of healthcare workers more than doubles construction workers. OSHA has launched a new campaign to protect healthcare workers from the hazards that lead to MSDs. These workers will receive information about controlling hazards and implementing a zero-lift program, which uses special lifting equipment to minimize the worker’s exertion. The campaign will raise awareness and benefit healthcare workers.
SeaWorld says it won’t appeal an OSHA fine connected with the death of an animal trainer working with killer whales. This means OSHA’s use of the General Duty Clause (GDC) in this case will stand. The U.S. Supreme Court won’t get to consider it. The agency uses the GDC when there are no specific federal safety regulations that pertain to a workplace hazard. Such was the case with trainers working with killer whales at SeaWorld theme parks. SeaWorld had argued that OSHA’s use of the GDC in the February death of trainer Dawn Brancheau was overly broad. The OSHRC did downgrade the citation from willful to serious and reduced the total fines from $75,000 to $12,000. SeaWorld had been opposing in court. Arguing before the U.S. Court of Appeals in Washington, DC, that using barriers to abate the hazard of contact between the trainers and whales as suggested by OSHA would create additional hazards for its employees. It also argued not allowing trainers in the water with whales during shows would hurt its business. The court upheld the OSHRC decision. The trainers haven’t been back in the water with the whales since the appeals court upheld the OSHRC
YES! PPE, one-size-fits-all won’t work if you’re providing gear for women.
- Safety goggles are often too large for a woman’s face, and the loose fit can allow debris, fluids or other hazardous material to enter a worker’s eyes causing injury.
- Modifying a man’s protective clothing to fit a woman such as rolling up the sleeves or pant legs can be dangerous because the excess material can become caught in machinery or cause slips and falls
- Safety gloves are usually designed for men’s hands so women will try to make them fit with duct tape or stuffing cotton balls in the tips to keep them from falling off. This poor fit increases exponentially the potential for hand injuries.
- Female workers who are given protective footwear sized for men may experience more trips or slips while walking or climbing ladders.
- One-size-fits-all fall arrest harnesses should not be worn by women. Size and shape differences can affect the angles that straps fit into the harnesses. Loose fitting harnesses can hinder a worker’s movements and ability to work safely, OSHA says the reason why women encounter difficulty with PPE is the lack of a full range of PPE sizes and types at the retail, wholesale and distributor levels as well as employers’ limited knowledge of PPE designed for women.
Female workers who are concerned about ill-fitting PPE can approach their safety director armed with information that will offer solutions. More manufacturers are finally designing safety equipment to fit women. Studying the differences in body measurements between men and women has allowed manufacturers to offer work gloves to fit smaller hands and design safety goggles with tighter fits to eliminate gaping.
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Keeping safe at the workplace
- Keep clutter and electrical cords out of pathways
- Use a stepladder, not a chair, if you need to reach for something
- Be aware of the condition of your floors: Tile tends to get slippery easily, while carpet provides more traction
- Lift with your knees: Use your leg muscles, not your back muscles, to pull yourself up
- Hold the object close to your body
- Don’t twist your body while lifting
- Learn how to adjust your office furniture to the correct position: Your back should be straight and your feet should be flat on the ground
- Vary your work so you aren’t in one position for a prolonged period of time
- Don’t cradle your phone between your ear and shoulder.
Storage and Equipment Safety
- Only open one filing cabinet drawer at a time to prevent the cabinet from tipping over
- Store heavier items on bottom shelves
- Keep loose clothing and long hair away from machinery such as shredders and space heaters,
- Keep paths to fire exits clear
- Do not block sprinklers
- Pay special attention to cords and maintaining electrical equipment, and
- Know your office’s fire escape plan.